A catastrophic injury is a trauma that happens without a warning, often changing a person’s life if they need long-term care and are unable to work. There are several types of catastrophic injuries that a person in Alabama may experience.
Spine and spinal cord injuries
The spinal cord is a primary communication avenue between the brain and spine, and the spine helps the body move. Catastrophic auto accidents and other trauma can interfere with the normal spine function, making twisting and standing difficult.
A spinal cord injury may classify as complete, causing permanent damage, or incomplete, which means partial damage. Some signs of spinal cord injury include breathing issues, decreased bladder and bowel control, and spasms.
Traumatic brain injury
A traumatic brain injury is commonly caused by a violent blow to the head, pushing the brain against the skull. A concussion is a moderate TBI that could cause dizziness headaches, ear ringing and blurred vision.
Moderate TBIs, such as concussions, usually don’t leave lasting effects with proper treatment, but cases vary. A diffuse axonal injury is a severe TBI that occurs when the brain moves inside the skull, damaging the axons.
Eye and facial injuries
A catastrophic eye injury may occur from chemical exposure, foreign objects or lacerations. Examples of catastrophic eye injury include orbital blowout fracture, corneal abrasion or scratches, and hyphemia, which is eye bleeding.
Sometimes, a defective airbag in a vehicle accident can fail and cause limited vision from striking the face. Anything that results in scarring on the face could be a catastrophic injury.
Victims of a catastrophic injury may be able to sue the responsible parties to recover medical bills and lost income. In some cases, medical malpractice counts as a catastrophic injury. However, injured victims only have so much time to file a case against the liable party.